Researchers say if logging in Solomon islands continues at its current rate, nearby reef fisheries will be killed off within a decade.
The report by the Nature Conservancy says the nursery areas for the juvenile topa fish, or bumphead parrot fish, in Isabel province are located close to highly forested islands.
It says in areas where logging has occurred in the past 10 years, there appear to be no juvenile reef fish species.
Marine scientist Richard Hamilton has told Pacific Beat local fishermen are very concerned.
"You're talking about subsistence economies here, you're talking about people who rely very, very tightly on marine resources for livelihood," he said.
"So they're very concerned and a lot of the fishermen that we've been working with in Isabel province are actually now taking the lead in being proactive against logging on their customary lands."
The researchers say the primary reason for the destruction of fringing reefs is excessive silt from logging operations, which settles on corals and quickly kills them.
Mr Hamilton says fishermen and landowners are using the data from the research to make their case at timber rights hearings for areas where logging hasn't yet occurred.
"I'd say the royalties which customary landowners receive from logging in places like the Solomon Islands is fairly small - and people are far more dependent on marine systems than they are on terrestrial, so it's a big issue there," he said.
"We're not actually suggesting that all logging is bad, what we're saying is that for these areas where you have lagoonal fringing reefs in close proximity to forested areas, they're very, very fragile and...the start of the production cycle for fisheries.
"There's some areas that shouldn't be logged."
Mr Hamilton says there also needs to be work done in relation to logging operations following best international practice.
"That happens very rarely in the Asia Pacific region - I think the international body that regulates commercial trade in forestry in Asia Pacific, the ITTO, estimates that only 12 per cent of forests in the Asia Pacific region are currently following best practices.
"So there's two things really - don't log your really, really vulnerable areas...and if you are going to go ahead with logging in some of these less vulnerable areas make sure you follow these international best practices, because that will minimise the impact of sediment downstream."