DURATION: 1:28

(SUPER = File)

THEY ARE QUESTIONS THAT OFTEN STUMP DOCTORS.

A SICK PATIENT - IS IT A VIRUS? OR ARE ANTIBIOTICS NEEDED IN CASE IT'S A BACTERIAL INFECTION?

(SOT)

(SUPER = Dr. Aimee Zaas, Duke University Medical Center)

"It's really hard for physicians to tell the difference between a cold, which would be caused by a virus, and a more serious bacterial respiratory infection. And this is one of the reasons why antibiotics are overused."

(SUPER = Duke University Medical Center)

(SUPER = Durham, North Carolina)

RESEARCHERS AT DUKE UNIVERSITY THINK THEY MAY HAVE A WAY TO GET ANSWERS FASTER THAN TODAY'S TESTS - WHICH CAN BE TIME-CONSUMING, UNRELIABLE AND ONLY LOOK FOR SPECIFIC GERMS.

THEY'VE DEVELOPED A BLOOD TEST TO SEE IF THE BODY'S OWN GENES ARE REVVING UP AGAINST ANY KIND OF THREATENING VIRUS.

(SOT)

(SUPER = Dr. Aimee Zaas, Duke University Medical Center)

"This is testing actually for genetic material that's called RNA, and RNA is actually the written instructions that the genes, or DNA, are doing in response to some type of change in the environment."

IN A STUDY, DOCTORS USED BLOOD FROM FEVERISH E-R PATIENTS, AND WERE ALMOST 90-PERCENT ACCURATE IN SPOTTING THOSE WITH VIRAL INFECTIONS.

IT TOOK ABOUT 12 HOURS TO GET RESULTS, BUT DOCTORS MAY ONE DAY HAVE AN IN-OFFICE TEST TO SPEED DIAGNOSIS.

IT COULD HELP STEM THE DANGEROUS OVERPRESCRIBING OF ANTIBIOTICS AND RISE OF ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT BUGS.

THE TEST COULD ALSO HELP TRACK THE SPREAD OF PANDEMIC VIRUSES LIKE H1N1 AND MERS BY DETERMINING WHO'S INFECTED AND WHO ISN'T... BUT MORE RESEARCH IS NEEDED.

CINDY SHARP, ASSOCIATED PRESS.

============================

SHOTLIST:

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FILE

1. Wide of urgent care clinic doctor instructing patient to breath in and out as he listens to her lungs with a stethoscope

2. Doctor looking in patient's nose

3. Doctor examining patient's eyes

AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY

Durham, North Carolina - September 18, 2013

4. SOUNDBITE: (English) Dr. Aimee Zaas, Duke University Medical Center:

"It's really hard for physicians to tell the difference between a cold, which would be caused by a virus, and a more serious bacterial respiratory infection. And this is one of the reasons why antibiotics are overused."

AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY

no date, no location

FILE

5. Doctor examining patient's throat

DUKE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER HANDOUT - AP CLIENTS ONLY

Durham, North Carolina - September 17, 2013

MANDATORY ON-SCREEN CREDIT: Duke University Medical Center

6. Wide of researcher studying genetic material in blood

7. Tight of researcher injecting genetic material into lab container for study

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FILE

4x3

8. Mid of doctor swabbing patient's nose

9. Doctor putting swab into vial to ship to lab for analysis

DUKE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER HANDOUT - AP CLIENTS ONLY

Durham, North Carolina - September 17, 2013

MANDATORY ON-SCREEN CREDIT: Duke University Medical Center

10. Tight of petri dish used in blood test study

11. Tight of various petri dishes used in blood test study

12. Wide of researcher working with genetic material

13. Tight of researcher injecting genetic material into lab container for study

AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY

Durham, North Carolina - September 18, 2013

14. SOUNDBITE: (English) Dr. Aimee Zaas, Duke University Medical Center:

"This is testing actually for genetic material that's called RNA, and RNA is actually the written instructions that the genes, or DNA, are doing in response to some type of change in the environment."

15. Wide of researcher taking box of blood samples out of lab freezer

16. Tight of researcher handling a vial of blood

17. Mid of researcher at computer

18. Tight of samples being ejected from machine

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FILE

19. Patient signing himself into an urgent care clinic

20. Patient walking back to exam room

21. Doctor speaking with patient in exam room

DUKE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER HANDOUT - AP CLIENTS ONLY

Durham, North Carolina - September 17, 2013

MANDATORY ON-SCREEN CREDIT: Duke University Medical Center

22. Mid of researcher working on laptop

23. Tight of laptop screen displaying research

AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY

no date, no location

FILE

24. Wide of woman in urgent care clinic wiping her nose with tissue, as seen through window

25. Mid of box of tissues in clinic waiting room

 

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