September 7th, 1940:
Nazi Germany begins heavy bombing of London and other major cities in Britain during World War Two.
CBS Reporter Edward R. Murrow describes the devastation of what becomes known as the Blitz:
(SOT of Murrow)
(AP Archive Video)
Mobutu Sese Seko (moh-BOO-too ses-AY seh-KOH), the former central African dictator, dies in Morocco at age 66.
It happens months after Mobutu is forced into exile following his disastrous rule of Zaire (zah-EER), now known as the Democratic Republic of Congo.
(AP Archive Video)
In Washington, the Panama Canal Treaties are signed.
The agreement calls on the United States to eventually turn control of the waterway over to Panama during the next two decades.
(NAT of Tupac song)
Rapper Tupac Shakur is fatally wounded in a drive-by shooting on his car on the Las Vegas Strip.
Shakur dies from his injuries just days later. His murder remains unsolved.
(NAT of Vangelis theme)
Attention, SportsCenter fans: ESPN debuts on cable, the birth of a TV sports powerhouse.
The Pro Football Hall of Fame is dedicated in Canton, Ohio - where what's now the NFL was formed more than four decades earlier.
(NAT of 'That'll Be the Day')
Buddy Holly --- one of the early stars of rock n' roll --- is born in Lubbock, Texas.
Today in History, September 7th --- ___ ___, The Associated Press.
b0587 --- Today in History for September 7th --- 08/28/2006
Mobutu Sese Seko: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9053119/Mobutu-Sese-Seko
Panama Canal Zone: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9019926/Canal-Zone
Tupac Shakur: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9113366/Shakur-Tupac
Football Hall of Fame: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9020073/Canton
Buddy Holly: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9096996/Buddy-Holly
^Today in History<
^By The Associated Press=
¶ Today is Thursday, Sept. 7, the 250th day of 2006. There are 115 days left in the year.
¶ Today's Highlight in History:
¶ On Sept. 7, 1825, the Marquis de Lafayette, the French hero of the American Revolution, bade farewell to President John Quincy Adams at the White House.
¶ On this date:
¶ In 1822, Brazil declared its independence from Portugal.
¶ In 1901, the Peace of Beijing ended the Boxer Rebellion in China.
¶ In 1927, American television pioneer Philo T. Farnsworth, 21, succeeded in transmitting the image of a line through purely electronic means with a device called an "image dissector."
¶ In 1936, rock legend Buddy Holly was born Charles Hardin Holley in Lubbock, Texas.
¶ In 1940, Nazi Germany began its initial blitz on London during World War II.
¶ In 1963, the National Professional Football Hall of Fame was dedicated in Canton, Ohio.
¶ In 1969, Senate Republican leader Everett M. Dirksen died in Washington, D. C.
¶ In 1977, the Panama Canal treaties, calling for the U. S. to eventually turn over control of the waterway to Panama, were signed in Washington.
¶ In 1979, the Entertainment and Sports Programming Network (ESPN) made its cable TV debut.
¶ In 1986, Desmond Tutu was installed as the first black to lead the Anglican Church in southern Africa.
¶ Ten years ago: Rapper Tupac Shakur was shot on the Las Vegas Strip; he died six days later. Isabel Correa became the 40th person known to have died in the presence of Dr. Jack Kevorkian, less than a day after police burst into a Michigan motel room, interrupting a meeting between Kevorkian and Correa.
¶ Five years ago: The White House budget chief warned top congressional Republicans the Social Security surplus was on track to be tapped for other programs, prompting a hastily called meeting to discuss ways of avoiding that politically perilous scenario. Venus Williams and Serena Williams reached the finals of the U. S. Open, becoming the first sisters to play for a Grand Slam championship in more than 100 years.
¶ One year ago: Police and soldiers went house to house in New Orleans to try to coax the last stubborn holdouts into leaving the storm-shattered city. President Bush led the nation in a final tribute to William H. Rehnquist, remembering the 16th chief justice as the Supreme Court's steady leader and a man of lifetime integrity. U. S. troops in Iraq rescued American Roy Hallums, held hostage 10 months.
¶ Today's Birthdays: Heart surgeon Dr. Michael DeBakey is 98. Pianist Arthur Ferrante is 85. Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, is 82. Jazz musician Sonny Rollins is 76. Actor John Phillip Law is 69. Singer Alfa Anderson (Chic) is 60. Singer Gloria Gaynor is 57. Rock singer Chrissie Hynde (The Pretenders) is 55. Actress Julie Kavner is 55. Actor Corbin Bernsen is 52. Rock musician Benmont Tench (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers) is 52. Pianist Michael Feinstein is 50. Singer Margot Chapman is 49. Rock musician Leroi Moore (The Dave Matthews Band) is 45. Actor W. Earl Brown is 43. Model-actress Angie Everhart is 37. Actor Tom Everett Scott is 36. Rock musician Chad Sexton (311) is 36. Actress Diane Farr is 35. Actress Shannon Elizabeth is 33. Actor Oliver Hudson is 30. Actor Devon Sawa is 28. Actress Evan Rachel Wood is 19.
¶ Thought for Today: "It is good to be without vices, but it is not good to be without temptation." _ Walter Bagehot, English editor and economist (1826-1877).
Mobutu Sese Seko
born Oct. 14, 1930, Lisala, Belgian Congo [now Democratic Republic of the Congo]
died Sept. 7, 1997, Rabat, Morocco
also called Mobutu Sese Seko Koko Ngbendu Wa Za Banga, original name Joseph (-Désiré) Mobutu president of Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo), who seized power in a 1965 coup and ruled for some 32 years before being ousted in a rebellion in 1997.
Mobutu was educated in missionary schools and began his career in 1949 in the Belgian Congolese army, the Force Publique, rising from a clerk to a sergeant major, the highest rank then open to Africans. While still in the army, Mobutu contributed articles to newspapers in Léopoldville (now Kinshasa). After his discharge in 1956 he became a reporter for the daily L'Avenir ("The Future") and later editor of the weekly Actualités Africaines.
Through his press contacts Mobutu met the Congolese nationalist leader Patrice Lumumba, whose Congolese National Movement (Mouvement National Congolais; MNC) he joined soon after it was launched in 1958. In 1960 Mobutu represented Lumumba at the Brussels Round Table Conference on Congo independence until the release of Lumumba, who had been jailed for his nationalist activities in the Congo. During the conference, Mobutu supported Lumumba's proposals (which were adopted) for a strongly centralized state for the independent Congo.
When the Congo became independent on June 30, 1960, the coalition government of President Joseph Kasavubu and Premier Lumumba appointed Mobutu secretary of state for national defense. Eight days later the Congo's Force Publique mutinied against its Belgian officers. As one of the few officers with any control over the army (gained by liberally dispensing commissions and back pay to the mutineers), Mobutu was in a position to influence the developing power struggle between Kasavubu and Lumumba.
Mobutu covertly supported Kasavubu's attempt to dismiss Lumumba. When Lumumba rallied his forces to oust Kasavubu in September 1960, Mobutu seized control of the government and announced that he was "neutralizing" all politicians. In February 1961, however, Mobutu turned over the government to Kasavubu, who made Mobutu commander in chief of the armed forces. Many believe that Mobutu bore some responsibility for the death of Lumumba, who was arrested by Mobutu's troops and flown to Katanga, where, it is believed, he was killed by Congolese or Katangese troops.
As commander in chief Mobutu reorganized the army. In 1965, after a power struggle had developed between President Kasavubu and his premier, Moise Tshombe, Mobutu removed Kasavubu in a coup and assumed the presidency. Two years later Mobutu put down an uprising led by white mercenaries attached to the Congolese army. His efforts to revive the Congo's economy included such measures as nationalizing the Katanga copper mines and encouraging foreign investment. Agricultural revitalization lagged, however, and consequently, the need for food imports increased.
As president, Mobutu moved to Africanize names. The name of the country was changed in October 1971 from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo [Kinshasa] ) to the Republic of Zaire (the country reverted to its earlier name in 1997). In January 1972 he changed his own name from Joseph-Désiré Mobutu to Mobutu Sese Seko Koko Ngbendu Wa Za Banga ("The all-powerful warrior who, because of his endurance and inflexible will to win, will go from conquest to conquest, leaving fire in his wake").
Mobutu attempted to soften the military nature of his regime by filling government posts with civilians. He sought to build popular support through his Popular Movement of the Revolution (Mouvement Populaire de la Révolution; MPR), which until 1990 was the country's only legal party. Opposition to his rule came from numerous Congolese exiles, ethnic groups that had played decisive roles in previous governments, small farmers who gained no share in the attempted economic revival, and some university students. He also faced a continuing threat of attacks on the Shaba region (Mobutu's Africanized name for the Katanga province) by Katangese rebels based in Angola.
In 1977 Mobutu had to request French military intervention to repel an invasion of Zaire by Angolan-backed Katangese. He was reelected to the presidency in one-man contests in 1970 and 1977. Over the years Mobutu proved adept at maintaining his rule in the face of internal rebellions and attempted coups, but his regime had little success in establishing the conditions needed for economic growth and development. Endemic governmental corruption, mismanagement, and neglect led to the decline of the country's infrastructure, while Mobutu himself reportedly amassed one of the largest personal fortunes in the world.
With the end of the Cold War in the 1990s, Mobutu lost much of the Western financial support that had been provided in return for his intervention in the affairs of Zaire's neighbours. Marginalized by the multiparty system and ill, Mobutu finally relinquished control of the government in May 1997 to the rebel leader Laurent Kabila, whose forces had begun seizing power seven months earlier. Mobutu died in exile a short time later.
also called Panama Canal Zone, historic administrative entity in Panama over which the United States exercised jurisdictional rights from 1903 to 1979. It was a strip of land 10 miles (16 km) wide along the Panama Canal, extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean and bisecting the Isthmus of Panama. It covered 553 square miles (1,432 square km), of which about one-third was water (principally Gatun Lake). The Canal Zone had two administrative subdivisions, the Balboa (Pacific) and Cristobal (Atlantic) districts. Balboa Heights was the administrative headquarters for both the Canal Zone government and the Panama Canal Company.
The Canal Zone came into being on May 4, 1904 ("Acquisition Day"), under the terms of the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty of 1903 by which Panama granted to the United States, in return for annual payments, the sole right to operate and control the canal and about 5 miles (8 km) of land on each side. The canal was constructed between 1904 and 1914. As reorganized in 1951, the administration of the canal and adjoining land was entrusted to two closely related U. S. agencies, the Panama Canal Company (responsible for operating the canal itself) and the Canal Zone government (responsible for civil rule in the zone). The governor of the Canal Zone, appointed by the president of the United States and supervised by the secretary of the army, was ex officio president and director of the Panama Canal Company.
The zone was abolished on Oct. 1, 1979, with the return to Panama of direct civil control under a treaty signed in 1977. By the same treaty a commission under joint American-Panamanian ownership was established to operate the canal until the year 2000, when Panama was to assume full control.
U. S. rap singer and actor whose violent and sexually explicit lyrics mirrored his own tumultuous life, which was marked by frequent run-ins with the authorities, including arrests for assault and battery and a 1994 conviction for sex abuse, a verdict that his lawyers were appealing when he was murdered in a drive-by shooting (b. June 16, 1971--d. Sept. 13, 1996).
city, seat (1808) of Stark county, northeastern Ohio, U. S. The city lies approximately 60 miles (100 km) south-southeast of Cleveland. It is the focus of a metropolitan area that includes the cities of North Canton and Massillon and the village of East Canton. Laid out in 1805, it was probably named by its founder, Bezaleel Wells, for his friend Capt. John O'Donnell's estate, Canton, in Baltimore, Md., which was built with profits from trade with China.
The community developed from a manufacturer of plows, reapers, and farm equipment into an important industrial centre. Diversified products now include electric sweepers, alloy steel, tapered roller bearings, automatic teller machines, safes and bank vaults, heavy-duty floor coverings, turbine parts, streetlight standards, heavy steel presses, water softeners, voting machines, internal combustion engines, rubber products, and bricks and ceramics.
William McKinley opened (1867) a law office in Canton, from where he later conducted his "front-porch campaign" for the presidency. After his assassination in 1901 his body was returned there for burial. He, his wife, and two daughters are now entombed in the McKinley National Memorial in Westlawn Cemetery. The American Professional Football Association (later the National Football League) was formed in Canton in 1920 with Jim Thorpe of the Canton Bulldogs as its first president. To honour the city's role in organizing the sport, the Pro Football Hall of Fame was established there in 1963.
Canton is the seat of Malone College (a Quaker institution founded in 1892 in Cleveland), the Stark Campus of Kent State University (1946), Walsh University (1958, Roman Catholic), and Stark State College of Technology (1960). The Cu