Papua New Guinea politicians, academics and community leaders have gathered in the capital Port Moresby to discuss the future of the country's autonomous province of Bougainville, more than 10 years after the signing of the island's peace agreement.
Signed in 2001, the Bougainville Peace Agreement formally ended the island's bloody civil war in Papua New Guinea - a decade-long conflict that had been sparked by local opposition to the Australian-owned Panguna copper mine.
The agreement's three main pillars were to grant Bougainville a high degree of autonomy, the de-militarisation of Bougainville, including weapons disposal, and a future referendum on independence from PNG.
Initially there was plenty of help from the PNG government and the international community to implement the agreement, but that has since fallen away.
Bougainville's President John Momis told the gathering negotiations with the PNG Government have dropped off and talks about funding have broken down.
"I think it is a mistake to expect us to carry out huge responsibilities with meagre resources, with a bureaucracy that does not have the capacity," he said.
"We are coming out of the ashes of war, dealing with a society that is highly divided."
Australian academic Anthony Regan, who is advising the Bougainville government, told the meeting a number of factors have caused this slow-down in interest in the implementation of the agreement.
Mr Regan, who helped to draft the peace agreement, and Bougainville's constitution, says there has been a high turnover of PNG politicians since the agreement was signed and most of those initially involved have now moved on.
The other main problem Mr Regan recognised was financial, saying that "We're now in arrears by 188 million kina."
The issue will only get more important as Bougainville takes tentative steps toward reopening the Panguna mine and as the window for the referendum on independence opens in 2015.
According to the agreement, talks about the referendum must be held between 2015 and 2020.
Leaders of the gathering in Port Moresby are hoping to organise another meeting in Bougainville's Buka or Arawa later this year, to generate momentum on the issue.
PNG's deputy prime minister, Leo Dion, was supposed to appear at the meeting, but was replaced by vice minister Joe Sungi, alongside other government representatives.
The meeting continues on Friday and the issue of the Panguna gold and copper mine is expected to feature on the agenda, in combination with the Bougainville government's efforts to develop a mining policy.