A 67-year-old Catholic priest has been arrested following negotiations between Victoria Police and the Catholic Church to have him returned to Australia from Rome.

The Ascot Vale man has been charged with 10 offences relating to alleged child sexual abuse between 1976 and 1985 in Sunbury and Ferntree Gully.

He will face the Melbourne Magistrates Court on Friday.

The Victoria Police Taskforce Sano had been negotiating the man's return with the church since July last year.

Taskforce Sano was set up to investigate child abuse allegations arising from the Victorian parliamentary inquiry into child sexual abuse.

Police have hailed the return of the man as a "breakthrough in cooperation between Victoria Police and the Catholic Church".