The centenary of Canberra has been marked with an official ceremony on the lawns of Parliament House.
This day 100 years ago, the then governor-general's wife, Lady Gertrude Denman announced the name of Australia's new capital would be Canberra.
Today, surrounding the foundation stones, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, Governor-General Quentin Bryce, her husband Michael Bryce, Regional Affairs and Local Government Minister Simon Crean, and ACT Chief Minister Katy Gallagher endeavoured to re-enact the ceremony.
Ms Gillard reflected upon the diversity of roles performed by the national capital.
"For the nation, Canberra is our enduring capital. For the world it is a model of urban design and for locals it is simply our much-loved home," she said.
Ms Bryce addressed the crowd, referring to Lord Denman's foundation speech.
"The city of 2013, would surely meet and perhaps surpass, the hopes and expectations of Lord Denman and all those present at its foundation ceremony 100 years ago," she said.
Ms Bryce says the name Canberra was in common usage in the area in the 1850s, a much loved hybrid connecting Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal sources.
"The locals loved it, lobbied hard for it, and were finally rewarded. A name rooted in traditions of the land and the local communities," she said.
However once the name was chosen, a debate began about how the new capital should be pronounced.
The Governor -General's husband, Michael Bryce, went on to explain how that was sorted out.
"The pragmatic decision finally reached was that whatever pronunciation Lady Denman used on the day would become the official version," he said.
"And so it was. On this centenary day, Canberra it remains."
Ms Gallagher then led a toast, paying tribute to the Canberra community.
"At the same time as Australia's capital was being built, quietly in the suburbs, a new community was being formed," she said.
"Strangers forced together from all over the country and overseas started building what the bricks and mortar can't do, the spirit of a city."
The majority of events and festivities to mark the city's 100th birthday were held on Monday's public holiday, with about 150,000 people converging around Lake Burley Griffin to join in the celebrations.
Centenary director Jeremy Lasek says the community response was overwhelming.
"The biggest event seen around the lake in Canberra certainly. It was brilliant Canberra weather. The crowds came out in big numbers, bigger than we expected," he said.
"The entertainment was non-stop. The new symphony blew everyone away and the fireworks finale, with big word 'nation' coming up in Lake Burley Griffin as the finale, was a fantastic way to end a truly memorable day."