The Central Land Council says it hopes an investment of $4 million in the Utopia homelands of the Northern Territory is recognition that Indigenous people are happier and healthier living on traditional lands.
The Federal Government is providing the money for infrastructure, including new homes, in the settlements, about 200 kilometres north-east of Alice Springs.
"They're very short on housing and have been for a number of decades," he said.
"But these people have hung out and resisted being forced to live in one big community for everyone.
"(They) have always fought the fight that they live where they want to live, on their own part of the country.
"Government has finally come to acknowledge that is probably in everyone's best interests."
The Utopia homelands cover an area of about 3,500 square kilometres.
There are 16 individual communities, with a total population of about 1,200 people.
The communities vary in size from 20 people to about 100.
There are five small schools spread through the homelands.
Alcohol is not permitted anywhere in Utopia.