Almost 300 veterans are seeking justice from the Australian Human Rights Commission for their exposure to radiation from British nuclear tests on Australian soil during the 1950s and 1960s.
Sydney legal firm Stacks/Goudkamp is taking a final appeal on behalf of 295 Australian servicemen to the commission arguing prime minister Robert Menzies' government breached three articles of the universal declaration of human rights.
These are the right to life, liberty and security, the right to not be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and the right to a living standard adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family.
Stacks/Goudkamp human rights law specialist Joshua Dale said the commission could only make recommendations to the government.
"They (the government) either accept those recommendations and they can potentially legislate to allow the veterans to start claiming under the veterans' entitlements legislation.
Great Britain exploded 12 atomic bombs across Australia between October 1952 to September 1958.
There were also more than 500 minor and experimental tests using radioactive material from October 1953 to April 1963, with most of these tests done in the Maralinga area in South Australia.
Geoff Gates, then 23 years old, drove trucks into ground zero following the blasts.
Mr Gates said the local servicemen had no protective clothing, unlike the British scientists.
"I had just a little cap, shorts and the boots," he said.
He said the veterans were not looking for compensation.
"We are looking for the recognition of what we were exposed to by the government of the day, and for those who suffer ill health, we are looking for some help there to overcome those problems," Mr Gates said.
An Australian Royal Commission in 1985 found prime minister Menzies sanctioned the British government's request for nuclear testing to be conducted in Australia without reference to cabinet or the scientific knowledge of the potential hazards involved.