The head of an anti-fracking community group based in the eastern states has warned against the development of the shale gas industry in the Northern Territory.
Farming, fishing, pastoral and environmental groups were among those represented at a Darwin meeting to discuss the controversial underground mining technique known as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking.
Lock the Gate Alliance president urged Territorians to carefully consider the environmental impact.
"In many ways, it's an uncontrolled experiment on the Australian environment," he said.
"They simply don't know what the impacts are likely to be ... especially on underground water and people's health.
"It is such an aggressive, powerful industry that governments simply let them have their way.
"It has only been a mobilised and organised community that has in anyway kept them under control."
The Northern Territory Cattleman's Association wants to scrutinise opportunities for gas shale mining in the Territory.
Association executive director Luke Bowen says the industry could provide considerable benefits.
"I think we acknowledge that the world needs energy," he said.
"Shale is another frontier and we have to ensure that where it is exploited, it is done in the right way."
But Mr Bowen says land-holders have to be given a stronger position to negotiate from.
Aboriginal land owners have the power to veto mining, while owners of land such as cattle stations do not.
Arnhem Land traditional owner Eddie (Blahchini) Mason is opposed to fracking on his lands.
"If you are going to come over there and try to do this, you are trespassing on my land," he told the meeting.
"So stay away and leave us in peace.
"(Fracking) might pollute my waters, my sacred site area.
"Fracturing they call it; that's where you blow the thing down there and the gas comes up.
"It will destroy everything."
The meeting was told that about 80 per cent of Territory land and 90 per cent of its coastline are subject to mining exploration applications of some kind.
Meanwhile, the Territory Government has made 26 recommendations to a Productivity Commission inquiry into mineral resource exploration.
The recommendations all relate to the mining provisions of the Territory Aboriginal Land Rights Act.
The Government says they are all aimed at streamlining the negotiation and consent process for exploration and mining on Aboriginal land.
They cover definitions, processes and consultation.
None of the recommendations relate to the Aboriginal right to veto mining.
Australia's peak body for oil and gas producers says there's a lot of misplaced anxiety in the Northern Territory about shale oil and gas exploration and production.
Stedman Ellis from APPEA says the industry in the United States is producing positive results, without negative effects on the environment.
"For the first time, you're seeing greenhouse emissions in the US in decline," he said.
"And we've seen the creation of 30,000 jobs in the past three years."