The CSIRO has opened up a large plot of rainforest west of Cairns in far north Queensland to scientists keen to study the unique ecosystem.
It has mapped and measured every tree in the 25-hectare plot at Robson Creek on the Atherton Tablelands.
Associate Professor Mike Liddell from James Cook University says there is great potential for studies into biodiversity, carbon storage and the impacts of climate change.
"We've got lots of instruments up there that are measuring the climate," he said.
"We're just installing a very, very big tower and the aim is to get scientists from around Australia and around the world to start using this infrastructure.
"It's set up to be collaborative infrastructure that'll help land managers.
"The amount of biodiversity is immense, so we're just scratching the surface of the invertebrate biology up there."
Associate Professor Liddell says the site has already revealed a lot about the carbon storage potential of rainforests.
"Tropical rainforests are a very big player in carbon storage, so it's interesting to find out how much these rainforests are storing," he said.
"Australia's got very little left, largely because the lower elevation stuff was removed for sugarcane."