In Madrid — one of 50 cities where such protests were planned — thousands of people marched to demand that the government amend the laws. Demonstrations also took place in cities such as Barcelona, Pamplona, Valencia and Seville.
More than 350,000 Spaniards have received eviction orders since 2008 because they were unable to make mortgage payments. Unemployment is at a staggering 26 percent, with young people the worst hit as Spain descends into a double-dip recession.
Most of those evicted remain liable to repay the sum originally borrowed, even as the value of their homes plunges, rendering them hard to sell.
Ada Colau — a spokeswoman for the Stop Evictions platform who helped organize the demonstrations — said the protesters are making these three demands on the government:
—That unemployed homeowners who cannot pay their mortgages can give their homes back to lenders as payment in kind and that this option is made available retroactively.
—That a moratorium on evictions is imposed.
—That vacant, unsold properties held by lenders are rented out as social housing.
Alarmed by growing disquiet over high eviction rates and the protests they have triggered, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's government already has yielded to demands to review the country's mortgage and eviction laws.
But many observers say the changes, affecting the powerful but struggling banking sector, could take months or years to be approved as they make their way through parliament.
"We cannot permit the legislative initiative that has already been given tacit approval by the government to be weakened or reduced to end up something unrecognizable," said Colau. "Our three demands are the bare minimum required."
Banks either sell repossessed homes for much less than the original mortgage value or can't unload them. That means the mortgage holders end up owing the difference or paying back the whole loan plus fees and court costs. Their wages can be garnished by the banks.
Madrid protester Carlos Gomez, 40, said Saturday that he has been warned he will be evicted from his home in April, under a strong police presence.
On Tuesday, a retired married couple committed suicide in Spain, leaving a note saying they also were about to lose their home. That rose to at least five the number of people who are believed to have committed suicide in Spain because they had been evicted or were about to be forcibly removed from their repossessed homes.