Australia's anti-doping agency will have police-like powers to compel suspect athletes and other people to turn up for questioning and hand over documents on request.
The new powers are outlined in new federal legislation introduced ahead of the findings of a year-long Australian Crime Commission (ACC) investigation, revealing a drug culture involving the nation's sporting bodies, players and organised crime.
The government released the ACC report on Thursday, but the legislation went before the house on Wednesday in a bid to pre-empt its discoveries and ensure the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) gets the regulatory teeth to punish offenders.
Sports minister Kate Lundy said ASADA's investigative powers will be strengthened and its investigative resources doubled.
"If persons of interest refuse to cooperate with ASADA investigations they will be liable for civil penalties," she told reporters in Canberra.
Analytical testing would remain a fundamental and valuable means to address doping.
But under the new laws, ASADA can require someone to attend an interview or produce documents.
It can issue disclosure notices requiring a person to comply, with a fine of up to $5100 for people who don't.
The legislation also gives the ASADA chief executive the ability to engage directly with sporting bodies about sanctions for those who commit doping violations.
The government believes the new measures will mean people involved in doping will have a greater chance of being caught.