Police have confirmed a man has died in a bushfire in Victoria's south-east as blazes rage across Victoria and New South Wales.

The man's body was found in a burnt-out vehicle near Seaton this afternoon and a bushfire continues to burn out of control in the area.

A number of emergency warnings are in place in both states and at least five houses have been lost in Victoria and two have been lost in New South Wales.

See how Friday's events unfolded on our blog (all times AEDT):

10:00pm: The NSW RFS says the fire at Grange Avenue, Marsden Park, in Sydney's north-west is now contained. Richmond and Garfield roads are now open again.

9:25pm: The emergency warning for the Barringella Creek fire in NSW has been downgraded to a watch and act alert.

The NSW RFS says firefighters are still trying to contain the blaze (currently 12km south west of Nowra), but there is no immediate threat to property.

9:15pm: NEW FIRES: Victoria's CFA says two new fires have started this evening near the Murray River in the state's north-east.

One of the fires started in Mt Lawson State Park near Tallangatta. It has believed to have been caused by a lightning strike. It is burning out of control but is not threatening property.

The second fire is burning further east in the Burrowa Pine Mountain area, near Corryong.

9:02pm: Here is just one scene of destruction caused by the Glenmaggie fire, east of Melbourne, today:

8:58pm: The NSW RFS says people to the immediate north of the Shoalhaven River should keep an eye out for an spot fires that jump the river.

Firefighters have been dealing with erratic fire conditions as they battle a blaze 12km west of Nowra near the Colymea State Forest.

NSW RFS spokesman Matthew Reeves says the emergency warning remains in place for residents on the Burrier and Yalwal Roads:

"Those areas do remain at risk and we're sending additional crews in to fight the fire. We're advising people on the southern side of the Shoalhaven River to remain at their current location and take advice of firefighters and other emergency services on the ground."

8:45pm: In NSW, 7.30's Adam Harvey reports from the town of Coonabarabran where firefighters have been battling a major fire that broke through containment lines.

8:35pm: Vic Fire Services Commissioner Craig Lapsley gives an update on the fires burning across Victoria. He says the Gippsland fire will challenge the community of Licola tonight:

8:28pm: Wellington Shire Mayor Scott Rossetti speaks to 7.30 about how Gippsland residents are coping at the local relief centre:

8:23pm: The NSW RFS says it has received reports of significant lightning across parts of NSW this evening.

8:04pm: A 702ABC Sydney listener has sent in this photo of the blaze in Ku Ring-Gai National Park:

7:38pm: There are reports a lot of residents are wanting to return to their homes around Seaton to inspect damage. Authorities are warning it is unlikely they will be allowed back until tomorrow.

7:34pm: NSW RFS has just released this image of the Millingandi fire burning near Bega:

7:08pm: NSW RFS deputy commissioner Rob Rogers says it has been an enormously busy day.

He has told News24 dozens more fires may have been started by lightning this afternoon.

"There has been sporadic rainfall but certainly no widespread rain and no relief from these conditions. Whilst conditions will be milder tomorrow, I think we are in for a long time before we get these fires under control."

7:04pm: NSW RFS has downgraded the alert for the Aberdare fire near Cessnock to .

6:57pm: From the photo desk:

6:50pm: NSW authorities have confirmed two houses and a shed have been lost in the bushfire near Bega.

Joel Kursawe from the Rural Fire Service says the fire crossed the highway earlier this afternoon.

"Unfortunately we've received confirmation that two houses and two sheds have been lost in this fire. We did advise people earlier on this afternoon and leading up to tonight that if they were north of the fire that they should head towards Bega along the Princes Highway, now that still stands."

6:34pm: Barringella Creek near Shoalhaven.

The fire is spreading in a northerly direction and properties in the following areas may come under threat:

Areas along the Shoalhaven River

Barrier Road, south of Meadow Flat

Lillydale area east to Bamerang Nature Reserve

Yalwal Road, north of Colymea Conservation Area.

6:19pm: BREAKING: Victorian Police have confirmed a man has died in the bushfire near Seaton:

"Police can confirm that the body of a male has been located deceased in a burnt out vehicle in the Seaton area around 5pm this afternoon. 

"The body of the male has yet to be formally identified. Police are investigating and will prepare a report for the Coroner.

"CFA and DSE fire fighters continue to fight the out of control fire in the Glenmaggie and surrounding area."

6:14pm: Glenmaggie Seaton fire

The fire is moving in a north-easterly direction and is now impacting Lake Glenmaggie, Dawson, Heyfield and Seaton.

Residents are warned to act immediately as they are in danger.

6:03pm: NSW RFS deputy commissioner Rob Rogers says there are reports of two homes lost in the Bega Valley bushfire.

5:58pm: Victorian CFA say they cannot confirm reports someone has died in the bushfire in the Seaton-Dawson area.

Heyfield incident controller Bill Johnstone:

"I cant confirm any reports. we're hearing some information but until we can turn it into actual intelligence we can't verify or deny anything."

5:20pm: Rob Rogers from the NSW Rural Fire Service says some firefighters have collapsed as they battle bushfires in extreme conditions today.

"It's just a really difficult day. We have had a number of firefighters collapse with heat exhaustion... A very difficult day for firefighters," he said.

He has also warned that a change in conditions is likely to worsen the fires before they hopefully ease over the weekend.

"As that change moves up through NSW, we will see an increase in the wind speed ahead of the change and then obviously the fires that are burning will change direction.

"That will bring its own set of complications itself and it is dangerous for fire fighting but we're anticipating that that change will come through. Then after some time, after the change has passed, we're hoping that the winds will start to subside.

"It will only take some time and maybe overnight before conditions really ease. What can we anticipate for the weekend ahead then? Tomorrow is much milder conditions and into Sunday as well but I think the problem is that we will have so much fire to deal with, we're just going to be flat out dealing with that fire."

5:11pm: WEATHER UPDATE: The Bureau of Meteorology has issued a for Sydney, Orange, Mudgee, Bathurst, Katoomba and Dubbo.

Severe thunderstorms are likely to produce damaging winds over the next several hours.

4:58pm: The NSW RFS has now downgraded the alert for the bushfire burning at Campbelltown to .

4:52pm: JUST IN FROM TWITTER: The heat has been so intense in Coonabarabran it caused the rear windshield of the ABC news team's hire car to shatter - oddly enough in the shape of Australia:


The RFS has issued an for a bushfire around Aberdare, near Cessnock.

The fire is burning in bushland near Melbourne Street, Duffie Drive and Cummerford Close. The fire has crossed Duffie Drive and is burning in a south-easterly direction towards Kearsley.

Over 100 firefighters are working in the area to protect properties.

A southerly change is forecast to reach the area late tonight. This change has the potential to send the fire in a northerly direction towards Neath.

An has been issued for the bushfire around Menangle Road in Campbelltown.

The fire is currently burning to the east of the Hume Highway near Menangle Road.

Some properties along Menangle Road may come under threat. The areas of Glen Alpine and the University of Western Sydney may be affected by smoke.

The main southern rail line has been closed from Narellan Road.

4:13pm: MILLINGANDI FIRE UPDATE: NSW RFS warning that the fire has crossed the Princes Highway and is now impacting on properties around Forest Lane and Millingandi Road, Red Gum Road and Yellow Pinch Dam Road.

People to the north of the fire should head towards Bega along the Princes Highway and people to the south of the fire should head towards Merimbula.

4:06pm: Victoria's Country Fire Authority have held a media conference and say five houses have now been lost in today's bushfires.

Commissioner Craig Lapsley says the fire near Heyfield could keep burning for up to two weeks. 

He says crews are preparing for a long campaign and communities around Heyfield and Maffra will need to remain on alert. 

"One of the problems we'll have now is once it buries itself in the deep-seated bush area and the next northerly day it will then come out above the communities of Heyfield and Maffra yet again and that's a real risk next week, even then to control it in the bush in the weather conditions we've got will be extremely difficult."

4:01pm: Victorian CFA says the Aberfeldy bushfire is still heading towards the town of Licola and is expected to impact anytime in the next two hours.

There are 10 residents in the area who have been unable to leave.

3:57pm: The NSW RFS says police have evacuated some residents from Ellalong St in Aberdare as the bushfire near Cessnock continues to burn out of control.

Evacuees have been taken to be the Kearsley Community Centre.

3:42pm: NSW FIRE UPDATE: The NSW RFS says the blaze at Melbourne Street, Aberdare, near Cessnock, has broken containment lines and is threatening properties in Ellalong, Kearsley and Aberdare.

3:38pm: From the photo desk: the view from the banks of Lake Glenmaggie in Victoria

3:28pm: The NSW Rural Fire Service has now downgraded the warning for the Cessnock bushfire to a alert.

3:22pm: Millingandi fire in the Bega Valley.

The NSW RFS says the fire is burning in the Millingandi area, approximately 5 kilometres west of Merimbula and 2 kilometres west of the Merimbula bypass.

A southerly change is expected to reach the area soon. Properties in Redgum Road, Yellow Pinch Dam Road, Forest Lane, Millingandi Road and north of Merimbula Bypass may be under threat as a result of the wind change.

Firefighters and aircraft are working to contain the fire.

Residents are being urged to leave now if it is safe via the Princes Highway, north towards Bega.

3:15pm: As bushfires burn across the southern states, The temperature has now hit 45.8 degrees Celsius. The previous record was 45.3 degrees, recorded in 1939.

3:08pm: NSW FIRE UPDATE: The RFS says it is now too late to the leave the town of Boorowa in the state's south due to the out of control Watershed Road blaze.

The fire is burning between Young and Boorowa and is six kilometres west of Boorowa and moving quickly.

3:03pm: Aberfeldy, Donnelys bushfire in Victoria.

The Country Fire Authority warns there is a large, fast moving bushfire in the Licola area. It is travelling in a north-easterly direction.

The fire is expected to impact Licola between 4:00pm and 6:00pm (AEDT).

The bushfire is about 44,500 hectares in size and is creating spot fires approximately 2 to 4 kilometres ahead. Licola Road is closed to traffic.

2:57pm: In NSW's north-west, the RFS says it has managed to keep a fire near Coonabarabran from crossing the Newell Highway after it earlier broke containment lines.

Inspector Brett Loughlin says crews are water bombing along the highway.

"To further protect the Newell Highway and to strengthen it, as well as the bombers dropping retardant along the western side, we also have special vehicle, they nicknamed it the linebacker. This vehicle is filled with a retardant, like a water truck but with additional spray beams and it is going along spraying retardant off to the side of the western side of the Newell Highway."

Inspector Loughlin says residents of about 60 farms have been sent an alert, warning them that their properties may be affected today.

He says crews are already at some of the farms.

"There's several properties that are under threat and firefighters are on scene and are working with the residents to protect those properties.

"Because there are firefighters there, the threat to those properties is greatly reduced because we're working together."

2:53pm: The RFS are still battling a bushfire near Cessnock where homes have been threatened.

RFS community safety officer Burt Pippin says two water bombing helicopters and 100 firefighters are working to bring the blaze under control.

"It did flare up and have a bit of impact with smoke and ember attack on some homes in the Melbourne Street area of Aberdare, but we've been able to contain that at the moment.

"The threat (to homes) has declined slightly but we still ask the residents in that area to be mindful of what's happening, keep the streets clear for the fire appliances and make sure that their properties are safe."

2:45pm: Victorian Premier Ted Baillieu says the next few days will be a test for the state:

2:38pm: The Victorian Country Fire Authority has updated the emergency warning for the Glenmaggie fire.

This fire is impacting Lake Glenmaggie, Dawson, Heyfield and Seaton now. This bushfire is approximately 44,500 hectares in size and is out of control, currently creating spot-fires ahead of the fire.

A wind change is moving the fire in a north easterly direction.

2:30pm: Record breaking weather: Sydney is on the verge of breaking the record for its hottest ever day. It is currently 45.2 degrees Celsius. The record is 45.3.

Canberra has broken its record, with the mercury hitting 41.6 degrees, breaking the previous record of 41.4.

2:21pm: More stories of survival are emerging after a bushfire tore through Gippsland.

The operator of Montanna holiday camp near Heyfield, Barry Taylor, says his wife and two children chose to stay and protect their home.

He says the fire destroyed a shed, a tractor and water tank on the property and killed six kangaroos.

"The roos are just laying there on their backs, all scorched, burnt all black and blown up from the heat I guess and laying there with their feet in the air," he said.

2:17pm: Joel Kursawe from the NSW Rural Fire Service tells ABCNews 24 says says conditions could potentially change quickly for a number of bushfires burning across the state today:

"The potential for there to be a change on [the Coonabarabran] fire and a number around the state is very real. We're seeing conditions not quite as catastrophic as they were last Tuesday. However, severe and extreme in some areas and whilst we've got these large fires burning, accompanied with these hot westerly winds, the high temperatures up around the 40s, and then the southerly change this afternoon, then, yes, the situation could change quite quickly in a lot of these areas."

2:00pm: Watershed Fire at the Mobbity Road area near Young.

The fire is burning approximately 10 kilometres south of Murringo in the Moppity area.

The fire is burning in a north-easterly direction.

Properties in the Moppity area and along Galong Murringo Road are at threat and residents are advised to leave now only if it safe to do so, otherwise take shelter in a solid structure.

12:57pm: UPDATE: NSW RFS says properties in Melbourne Street, Cessnock, are now being impacted. Residents are advised to shelter in a solid structure as the fire arrives. Duffy Drive is now closed.

1:46pm: Melbourne Street (Cessnock) in New South Wales.

The fire started yesterday and has reignited under extreme fire conditions this afternoon.

The fire is burning in a south-easterly direction in bushland near Melbourne Street, Duffie Drive and Cummerford Close.

A southerly change is forecast to reach the area late tonight.

An emergency alert telephone warning message is being sent to homes in the area.

1:38pm: ABC reporter Danny Morgan has filed this snap from the field in Dawson in the Gippsland region:

1:20pm: Rural Fire Service spokesman Joel Kursawe has updated News24 on the situation in NSW, saying crews have put in solid backburning efforts in the past few days, but conditions are now deteriorating:

"We're already seeing 41 degrees at Nowra and winds up to 35 kilometres an hour. Whilst we have some very solid containment lines in and around this fire, it would only take a couple of big gusts of wind and potentially some embers burning in logs or trees to blow ahead of these containment lines and obviously present us with a new fire that's uncontained, and change the game plan."

He says the Coonabarabran fire is the largest in NSW at the moment and it remains uncontained.

"We have a number of rural and remote properties that were in the area that may be threatened today. They've been asked to remain alert and keep up to date with the fire's progress on our website. We did see in the early hours of this morning this fire cross the Newell Highway."

1:04pm: Back to the revelation earlier that a fire crew had a narrow escape in Gippsland this morning after being caught in their truck in a spot fire. Country Fire Authority incident controller Laurie Jeremiah says the crew was working to save houses at the time:

"But we have accounted for the crew and the vehicle [is] not damaged, the crew [is] not injured, the crew is still working."

1:01pm: Still in New South Wales, a fire has broken out south of Mudgee in the state's central west. The Rural Fire Service says it is receiving unconfirmed reports some properties have been lost in the blaze on Riverlea Road. Water bombing planes are being called in to try to contain the fire.

12:56pm: Authorities have upgraded the warning level for a bushfire still burning east of Cooma, just south of the ACT. The watch and act warning has been issued due to increasing winds and temperatures and lower humidity. The Rural Fire Service says people living near the fire front need to start taking action now to protect themselves and their families. Fires near Yass and Bungendore remain under control.

12:54pm: Liz and Tony Coghlan run a historic homestead at Abington Farm, west of Hayfield, and have been up since the early hours of this morning watching the bushfire. Tony says their guests, a Spanish couple, knocked on the door at 4.00am to ask for advice about the blaze.

"They got a text from Paris telling them they were in trouble and to get out."

The couple have since departed and are now headed for Melbourne.

12:45pm: The fires around Coongulla are now under watch and act status. Emergency warnings are still in place for Glenmaggie, Licola, Dawson, Heyfield and Seaton. Access the latest from the Country Fire Authority .

12:38pm: Reporter Alison Savage just posted this snap from Gippsland:

@alisavage: Road into Heyfield. Wind is intense #VicFires

12:34pm: In Gippsland in Victoria, Jim from Denison has described battling a mammoth blaze.

"We were on it within three to four minutes of it igniting ... and [before] we got it out it was the size of a house."

He said a south-westerly wind was pushing the fire away from where he lives, but added "what's my advantage is someone else's disadvantage".

12:30pm: The Department of Primary Industries says hundreds of sheep and cattle have been killed in the NSW bushfires. State emergency coordinator Simon Oliver has described the damage to fencing and other farm infrastructure as "horrific". He says while more livestock losses are expected, the numbers are not as high as first feared.

"There seems to be a few that have got out of the fire sort of zone around the fringe. In some areas maybe the stocking rates aren't as high as what we would expect. In saying that, there are people that have been heavily impacted in the area and we still haven't had access to some of the grounds. We expect the numbers to rise."

12:27pm: A recovery centre is opening in Coonabarabran to help victims of the NSW bushfires. A range of agencies including Centrelink, the Department of Primary Industries, New South Wales Health and Legal Aid will be operating from the town hall. Warrumbungle Shire Council general manager Steve Loan says it is amazing how quickly the centre was set up.

"There's been a miraculous transformation, I'm looking here now at cubicles that have been built by a team of carpenters. They had trucks arrive with timber and desks and chairs, and all that sort of thing. Now we've got 10 cubicles here for various agencies to sit in and talk to members of the public that need help."

12:18pm: NSW update: ABC reporter Sarah Hawke says fresh winds are pushing the Warrumbungle blaze through farmland. Reporting from a property called Lumeah, she says the fire has already burnt very close to a timber homestead and is now pushing through a neighbouring paddock.

"Helicopters are scooping water from a nearby dam to douse the flames and the property owner is helping coordinate the crews. Sheep have been moved into a small paddock nearby away from the flames."

She says the Rural Fire Service says it is too early to know how far the blaze has spread, but it could be between four and eight kilometres.

The fire passed through Doug Simmons's farm, but fire crews managed to save his house.

"They sat here all night at the house, two firetrucks, waiting for it to get closer and they saved everything, the sheds, house. I couldn't... I thought I was going to lose it all at one stage and I can't believe how good a job they did."

12:11pm: Victoria Fire Commissioner Craig Lapsley has confirmed that the fires are expected to continue burning for at least the next week. He posted this video update a little while ago:

12:04pm: Aside from homes, a number of buildings have also been confirmed destroyed in the Gippsland region. Some phone services have also been cut between Heyfield and Licola. The area has limited mobile coverage. A wind change will push the fire into remote heavily forested country later today. Country Fire Authority incident controller Laurie Jeremiah says crews are working to keep the main fire from spreading into remote wilderness country east of Glenmaggie.

"In the weeks coming forward we want to keep it west of the Macalister (River) so that the area that's burnt now provides a bit of protection."

12:01pm: Just in from the photo desk:

11:52am: People are gathering at the relief centre at the Gippsland Regional Sports Centre in Sale. Wellington Shire Mayor Scott Rossetti says there is a strong sense of community in the fire-affected areas.

"It's also the bush telegraph. As soon as one person hears it doesn't take long to get round the community, and then everyone swings into action and gets their pipes and pumps all ready to go, helping out their neighbours, and making sure everyone's OK."

11:44am: The latest Bureau of Meteorology weather warning for the Gippsland region says a cold front over central Victoria will move through remaining eastern districts during the afternoon. Damaging north to north-westerly winds with peak gusts of 90 km/h are forecast for elevated areas above about 900 metres. Read the warning in full

11:32am: News 24 is speaking with Wellington Shire Council's Cr Malcolm Hole in Heyfield:

"I think it is an unusual fire. I think it is caused because of the constant wind changes and pushing the fire back over into territory that it hadn't covered and which wasn't expected to be covered. The speed at which the fire is travelling - in fact I am just standing here watching Elvis drop water just down the road from me - the fire is getting fairly close to my property and to the edge of Heyfield."

Cr Hole says he has a plan if the fires hit his home:

"I will hide behind a brick wall inside the house. We have new hoses and new fittings ready to go onto taps and we have buckets of water at the door to throw on any wooden structure outside. At the speed with which this fire is going, it will go past the homes in 15 to 20 seconds. It is the damage that we have to put out after it goes past. So we have stuff to cover ourselves with. We have water to drink to keep ourselves hydrated. We have the rock splitters in case we have to knock down anything that is burning and we can't get it out of the road quick enough. We are insured so we are ready to go."

11:18am: Just in from the photo desk (courtesy of Churchill CFA):

11:07am: NSW firefighters are assessing just how far a bushfire has spread after it earlier broke containment lines south-west of Coonabarabran. The fire jumped the lines at Hickeys Falls about 36 kilometres from Coonabarabran this morning and is moving toward the Newell Highway. Firefighting crews are on standby to protect homes in the area. RFS Inspector Alex Chesser says gusty winds have not helped:

"Today the weather's not on our side but we've got an extremely large group of very experienced firefighters being supported by our very skilled instant management team and over 20 aircraft at our disposal. All of these resources are going to be tested today."

11:01am: BREAKING: It is believed up to five homes have been lost in the Glenmaggie and Seaton area. The owners of one of the houses survived, but have been trapped in the area by fallen trees. It has also emerged that a fire crew had to take shelter in their tanker as the flames went over. All survived.

10:56am: Glenmaggie Caravan Park owner Glen Coles has given another update to the ABC on the conditions in his area. He says he is pretty safe but he can't tell what is happening to one of his three caravan parks:

"I'm looking at the fire as we speak. It is heading towards one of my parks now. It can't actually get to the park to see if it is OK... I have three caravan parks and it is not very good... Visibility is about 100 metres at the moment. It is very dark, very overcast - not overcast but just smoke. That is all there is."

Watch his earlier interview below:

10:51am: The Country Fire Authority says it expects the Gippsland blazes to continue burning for at least the next week. Scores of roads have been closed by the fires, including Licola Road. Incident controller Laurie Jeremiah says authorities are presently trying to assess how many homes have been lost:

"There are more properties lost, I can't confirm number or location yet, we're beginning a stocktake property by property."

10:47am: Victorian ABC radio reporter Alison Savage tweeted this not long ago:

@alisavage: Gippsland fire was 950 ha at 7pm last night. By 6am had destroyed 20,000 ha. Now 25,000 ha #VicFires

10:37am: The relief centre in Gippsland has moved from the Baptist church - it is now located at the Gippsland Regional Sports Complex on Cobains Road in Sale. The centre has already recorded 284 registrations. People are also able to take their horses to the Sale showgrounds.

10:25am: ABC News Breakfast earlier spoke with Clive Murray White, an artist who lives at Cowwarr next to Heyfield. He told Paul Kennedy about his bushfire preparations:

10:17am: The CFA website is reporting that a fast-moving blaze is also in the Coongulla area, with the wind change now moving in a north-easterly direction. The CFA is warning residents to leave immediately, as their lives and homes are in danger. For the latest information, head to www.cfa.vic.gov.au or call 1800 240 667.

10:15am: This just in from the photo desk:

10:08am: Water bombing aircraft are also being used to try to control the Warrumbungle blaze which has broken containment lines in north-west NSW. The Rural Fire Service has managed to stop it jumping the Newell Highway, but it remains closed. Spokesman Matthew Apps says a number of crews are fighting the blaze:

"A small bit did get out but it is slowly growing in size. Aircraft are now in that location with heavy plant and RFS crews along with National Parks and Forestry at that location now trying to get containment on that outbreak."

10:05am: A south-westerly change is speeding the progress of the fire near Heyfield in Victoria's east. A number of roads have been closed by fallen trees and authorities are warning people to stay away from the area. Country Fire Authority incident controller Laurie Jeremiah says up to 100 homes are in the path of the fire at Seaton and Dawson.

"If they haven't left now they need to be protecting themselves as best as they can on their own properties, and that's what I'm saying we know we've lost one house in the foothills behind Seaton and whilst the people are okay we can't get to them and they can't get out because of the trees over the road.

9:57am: Heyfield residents have spent the night and early morning preparing. The local newsagency's Craig Thatcher says there's a lot of smoke in the town, and ash has been falling.

"It's not thick yet. It's still fairly high, so visibility's still good. We've been awake most of the night. We got our CFA messages fairly early in the night."

9:45am: Carolyn Crossley is defending her property at Cowwarr, near Heyfield. She has told ABC Local Radio that the sky is "filled with smoke".

"The sky goes from a very nasty sort of black, grey with red fringes, to maroon, to purple. Then we get a few, spot a few of the flames up on the hills and going across the paddocks. So it makes you on edge, definitely."

9:40am: ABC News Breakfast just spoke with Glen Coles from Glenmaggie Caravan Park, who says conditions are "not looking very good at the moment".

"It's very orange and dull. The fire's maybe 500 metres, maybe less from the caravan parks. I haven't seen any spot fires yet. Fortunately the wind has been favouring us all night and blowing parallel with the park. We've had no smoke here or embers. But that's all about to change I think."

Mr Coles says he has remained in the area because he has three caravan parks there.

"I'm just hanging around looking out for spot fires. I have plenty of safe areas between the fire and the lake. The lake is down being an irrigation lake, so there's a lot of bear ground with no vegetation between the water and the fire. So there that's plenty of safe area for me to go."

He says helicopters have been using the lake to pick up water and dump it on the fires.

9:35am: CFA deputy chief officer John Haynes said a little earlier that the Gippsland fire is difficult to attack because of the rugged terrain.

"It's a lot of gullies and valleys and high ridges, so pretty inaccessible sort of country and hard to control. It's in a forested area, it's in a higher alpine area, but the winds are pretty calm at the moment so it's running on its own steam."

9:32am: The bushfire in the Warrumbungle National Park in New South Wales also continues to burn. It has broken containment lines, forcing the closure of the Newell Highway. Early this morning it jumped containment lines at Hickey Falls, about 30 kilometres south-west of Coonabarabran, and moved rapidly through open grasslands. The Rural Fire Service says properties are not threatened at this stage, but crews are providing protection. The fire in and around the Warrumbungle National Park has destroyed at least 51 properties and burnt through 47,000 hectares.

Eliza Harvey was on the ground there this morning and filed this report :

9:30am: Below is a map of the region in which the bushfire is burning in south-east Victoria:

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  1. Publishing Services International Limited of 1st Floor, 29‑33 Bucks Road, Douglas, Isle of Man is the publisher and operator of the Site ("Publisher").

  2. The Publisher does not own the domain name(s) listed on the Site or any other related domain name linked to or associated with the Site ("URL's").

  3. The owner of the URL's is not responsible for, and to the extent permitted by law disclaims any and all liability for, the Site and any information, content or material published on the Site and any related or associated website in any form, at any time both now and in the future.

  4. The Conditions are subject to change at the Publisher's sole discretion. The Publisher reserves the right to change the Conditions at any time, and your continued use of and access to the Site indicates your acceptance of these Conditions, and any changes as they exist at any time. Unless explicitly stated otherwise, any new features or functionality that enhance the Site shall be subject to the Conditions. If you object to any changes to the Conditions, your only remedy is to immediately discontinue use of the Site.

  5. Whilst the Publisher shall make reasonable endeavors to ensure that the Site is available continuously, the Publisher does not make any representations or warranties that your access will be uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free. Your access to the Site may be suspended without notice in the case of system failure, maintenance or repair or any reason beyond the Publisher's control. The Publisher reserves the right at any time and from time to time to modify or discontinue, temporarily or permanently, the Site (or any part thereof) with or without notice. You agree that, to the extent permitted by law, the Publisher shall not be liable to you or any third party for any such modification, suspension or discontinuance of the site. In addition, the Publisher reserves the right to terminate your access to the Site for any reason at any time, and to take any other actions that the Publisher, in its sole discretion, believes to be in the interest of the Publisher and of the users of the Site (including contributors who submit Material for publication on the Site) (“Users”).

  6. Except as expressly provided otherwise in the Conditions, the Publisher reserves the right to change or discontinue any web page or web site, feature, content or service (or part thereof) on the Site at any time without notice.

  7. Except as expressly provided otherwise in the Conditions, the Publisher reserves the right to change the pricing for any chargeable service or feature on the site at any time without providing notice to you.

  8. To access or use certain parts of the Site, you may be asked to register as a member of the Site and/or a particular website that forms part of the Site. Generally, registration is free. When registering as a member, you must provide the Publisher with accurate, complete and up‑to‑date registration information, as requested. It is your responsibility to inform the Publisher of any changes to your registration information. You must not register as a member multiple times. You must not impersonate or create a membership for any person other than yourself. The Publisher may at any time request a form of identification to verify your identity. You must ensure the security and confidentiality of your membership details, including any username and/or password assigned to you. You are wholly responsible for all activities which occur under your membership details (including unauthorized use of your credit card). You must notify the Publisher immediately if you become aware of any unauthorized use of your membership details. You must not permit your membership details to be used by or transferred to any other person. The Publisher reserves the right to, in its sole discretion, suspend or terminate your membership or access to all or any part of the Site, including if the Publisher believes you are abusing the services in any way, have breached the Conditions or are no longer an active member.

  9. You must not

    1. Use the Site in breach of any applicable laws or regulations;

    2. Use the Site (or Material obtained from the Site):

      1. to transmit (or authorize the transmission of) junk mail, chain letters, unsolicited emails, instant messaging, spimming or spamming.

      2. to impersonate any person or entity.

      3. to solicit money, passwords or personal information from any person.

      4. to harm, abuse, harass, stalk, threaten or otherwise offend others, or

      5. for any unlawful purpose.

    3. Use the Site to upload, post, transmit or otherwise make available (or attempt to upload, post, transmit or otherwise make available) any Material that:

      1. is not your original work, or which in any way violates or infringes (or could reasonably be expected to violate or infringe) the intellectual property or other rights of another person

      2. contains, promotes, or provides information about unlawful activities or conduct.

      3. is, or could reasonably be expected to be, defamatory, obscene, offensive, threatening, abusive, pornographic, vulgar, profane, indecent or otherwise unlawful, including Material that racially or religiously vilifies, incites violence or hatred, or is likely to offend, insult or humiliate others based on race, religion, ethnicity, gender, age, sexual orientation or any physical or mental disability.

      4. exploits another person in any manner.

      5. contains nudity, excessive violence, or sexual acts or references.

      6. includes an image or personal information of another person or persons unless you have their consent.

      7. poses or creates a privacy or security risk to any person.

      8. you know or suspect (or ought reasonably to have known or suspected) to be false, misleading or deceptive.

      9. contains large amounts of untargeted, unwanted or repetitive content.

      10. contains restricted or password only access pages, or hidden content.

      11. contains viruses, or other computer codes, files or programs designed to interrupt, limit or destroy the functionality of other computer software or hardware.

      12. advertises, promotes or solicits any goods or services or commercial activities (except where expressly permitted or authorized by the Publisher); or

      13. contains financial, legal, medical or other professional advice.

    4. Interfere with, disrupt, or create an undue burden on the Publisher or the Site, or restrict or inhibit any other User from using the Site.

    5. Use any robot, spider, or other device or process to retrieve, index, or in any way reproduce, modify or circumvent the navigational structure, security or presentation of the Site.

    6. Use the Site with the assistance of any automated scripting tool or software.

    7. Frame or mirror any part of the Site or Material or otherwise display, link to, use or reproduce the Site or Material in a setting created by a third party, without the prior written authorization of the Publisher.

    8. Use code or other devices containing any reference to the Site to direct other persons to any other web page.

    9. Except to the extent permitted by law and such right cannot be waived or foregone, modify, adapt, sublicense, translate, sell, reverse engineer, decipher, decompile or otherwise disassemble any portion of the Site or cause any other person to do so, or

    10. Delete any attributions or legal or proprietary notices on the Site.

  10. Your use of the content on the Site is restricted:

    1. Unless expressly permitted by the Publisher in writing, you may not copy, reproduce, distribute, publish, enter into a database, display, perform, modify, create derivative works from, transmit, communicate or in any way exploit any part of the Publisher's site or any content thereon . Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, you may not distribute or communicate any part of this Site or any content thereon over any network, including, without limitation, a local area network, or sell or offer it for sale. In addition, the Material may not be used to construct any kind of database.

    2. Neither you nor any third party shall make use of the Material on the Site in any manner that constitutes an infringement of the Publisher's rights, including copyright, or that has not been expressly authorized in writing by the Publisher.

  11. By uploading, transmitting, posting or otherwise making available any Material via the Site (or attempting to upload, post, transmit or otherwise make available any Material) (“Contributed Material”), you:

    1. Grant the Publisher a non‑exclusive, worldwide, royalty‑free, perpetual, license (including a right of sublicence) to use, reproduce, edit and exploit the Contributed Material on the Site and any related site in any form and for any purpose;

    2. Except where expressly stated otherwise, also grant each user of the Site and any related site a non‑exclusive, worldwide, royalty‑free, perpetual, license to use, reproduce, edit and exploit the Contributed Material in any form for any purpose, subject to the Conditions;

    3. Warrant that you have the right to grant the abovementioned licenses;

    4. Warrant that the Contributed Material does not breach the Conditions; and

    5. Unconditionally waive all moral rights which you may have in respect of the Contributed Material, and consent to all or any of the following acts or omissions in relation to the Contributed Material:

      1. using or licensing the Contributed Material bearing the name of the Publisher or any other name authorised by the Publisher;

      2. amending, modifying, editing, cropping, deleting, removing, reformatting, adapting or materially altering the Contributed Material or any part thereof;

      3. reproducing, publishing or communicating the Contributed Material or any part thereof in any form or medium;

      4. supplementing or combining the Contributed Material or any part thereof with any other works or Material;

      5. releasing new, enhanced, updated, edited or extracted versions of the Contributed Material;

      6. using the Contributed Material in a different context to that originally envisaged; and

      7. not naming you as author of the Contributed Material, whether or not such actions may infringe any of your ‘moral rights' or ‘droit moral' of whatsoever nature, or rights derived from similar law or legal principles, anywhere in the world; and if, at any time, you provide personal information about someone other than yourself, you warrant that you have that person's consent to provide such information for the purpose specified.

  12. The Publisher reserves the right (but has no obligation) to:

    1. review, modify, reformat, reject or remove any Contributed Material that, in the Publisher's opinion, violates the Conditions or otherwise has the potential to harm, endanger or violate the rights of any person; and

    2. monitor use of the Site, and store or disclose any information that the Publisher collects, including in order to investigate compliance with the Conditions or for the purposes of any police investigation or governmental request.

  13. The Publisher is not responsible for, and to the extent permitted by law accepts no liability with respect to, any Material uploaded, posted, transmitted or otherwise made available on the Site by any person other than the Publisher. For the avoidance of doubt, the Publisher will not be taken to have uploaded, posted, transmitted or otherwise made Material available on the Site simply by facilitating others to post, transmit or other make Material available. Furthermore, the Publisher does not endorse any opinion, advice or statement made by any person other than the Publisher.

  14. If you think that the Site has been accessed or used by another user in breach of the Conditions, please email the Publisher at breach@publishingservicesinternational.im . The Publisher will consider whether there are grounds for taking any action, but you won't necessarily be contacted as to our decision. In particular, if you wish to send the Publisher a copyright infringement notification, you will need to identify the Material(s) that you believe infringe(s) your copyright, identify each copyright protected work in which you own the rights and which you believe has been infringed, identify how each copyright protected work has been or is being infringed and include your contact information. You will need to sign the notice and send it to copyrightinfringement@publishingservicesinternational.im

Intellectual Property

  1. All intellectual property in relation to Material on the Site belongs to the Publishers or its licensors, advertisers or affiliates. You obtain no interest in that intellectual property. All Material on the Site is protected by international copyright and other intellectual property laws. You may not do anything which interferes with or breaches those laws or the intellectual property rights in the content. You do not have any right, title or interest in or to any proprietary rights relating to the Material or the Site. All individual articles, blogs, videos, content and other elements comprising the Material or the Site are also copyrighted works, and the Publisher (subject to the rights of its licensors and licensees under applicable agreements, understanding and arrangements) has all rights therein. You must abide by all additional copyright notices or restrictions contained on the Site.

  2. Without limiting clause 11.1, by posting or submitting Contributed Material , you are giving the Publisher, and its affiliates, agents and third party contractors the right to display or publish such Contributed Material on the Site and its affiliated publications (either in the form submitted or in the form of a derivative or adapted work), to store such content, and to distribute such content and use such content for promotional and marketing purposes. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, with respect to any video submissions to the Publisher made by you from time to time, you understand and agree that (unless you and the Publisher agree otherwise) the Publisher may, or may permit users to compile, re‑edit, adapt or modify your video submission, or create derivative works therefrom, either on a stand‑alone basis or in combination with other video submissions, and (unless you and the Publisher agree otherwise) you shall have no rights with respect thereto and the Publisher or our licensees shall be free to display and publish the same (as so compiled, re‑edited, adapted, modified or derived) for any period.

  3. You shall be solely responsible for your own Contributed Material and the consequences of posting or publishing the Contributed Material. Without limiting clause 11.3, in connection with each of your Contributed Materials, you affirm, represent, and/or warrant that: (I) you own or have the necessary licenses, rights, consents, and permissions to use and authorize the Publisher to use all patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright or other intellectual property or proprietary rights in and to any and all such Contributed Material to enable inclusion and use of such Contributed Material in the manner contemplated by the Publisher and these Terms and Conditions; and (II) you have the written consent, release, and/or permission of each and every identifiable individual person in such Contributed Material to use the name or likeness of each and every such identifiable individual person to enable inclusion and use of such Contributed Material in the manner contemplated by the Publisher and these Terms and Conditions; and (III) the Contributed Materials and their use do not infringe any intellectual property rights or other rights of any person. In furtherance of the foregoing, you agree that you will not submit Material that is copyrighted, protected by trade secret or otherwise subject to third party proprietary rights, including privacy and publicity rights, unless you are the owner of such rights or have permission from their rightful owner to post the material and to grant the Publisher all of the rights granted herein. Publisher reserves the right to remove or not publish Contributed Material without prior notice. You understand that when you submit Material in any form to the Publisher, the Publisher may authorize such content to be distributed or syndicated to or published on other related branded environments.

  4. You may download and view or print a copy of Material on this Site for personal, non‑commercial use provided you do not modify the Material in any way (including any copyright notice). All rights not expressly granted under these terms of use are reserved by the Publisher. Unless expressly stated otherwise, you are not permitted to copy, or republish anything you find on the Site without the copyright or trademark owners' permission.

  5. All trade marks and logos that appear on the Site are owned by either the Publisher or its related bodies corporate or their licensors. Other trademarks may be displayed on the Site from time to time. These may belong to third parties. Nothing displayed on the Site should be construed as granting any license or right of use of any logo, trademark or masthead displayed on the Site, without the express written permission of the relevant owner.

Third party websites, content links, advertising and activities

  1. The Site may feature or display links and pointers to websites operated by third parties on the Site. Such websites do not form part of the Site and are not under the Publisher's control. The Publisher does not accept any responsibility in connection with any such website. If you link to any such websites, you leave the Site entirely at your own risk. The appearance of those links on this site does not indicate any relationship between the Publisher and that third party or any endorsement by the Publisher of that third party, its site or the products or services which it is advertising on this Site. The Site may include third party content which is subject to that third party's terms and conditions of use. Nothing on the Site should be construed as granting any license or right for you to use that content. You must not link to the Site from any other website (or otherwise authorize any other person to link from a third party website to the Site) without the Publisher's prior written consent.

  2. The Site may feature or display third party advertising. By featuring or displaying such advertising, the Publisher does not in any way represent that the Publisher recommends or endorses the relevant advertiser, its products or services. If you contact a third party using functionality provided on the Site, including via e‑mail, the Publisher does not accept any responsibility for any communications or transactions between you and the relevant third party.

  3. From time to time, the Publisher may promote, advertise, or sponsor functions, events, offers, competitions or other activities that may be conducted offline and may be conducted by third parties. These activities may be subject to separate terms and conditions. You participate in any such activities entirely at your own risk. The Publisher does not accept any responsibility in connection with your participation in activities conducted by any third party.

Liability and Idemnity

  1. To the extent permitted by law, you use the Site at your sole risk. The Publisher does not warrant that the Site will be uninterrupted or error‑free. There may be delays, omissions, interruptions, and inaccuracies in the news, information or other Material available through the Site. To the extent permitted by law the Publisher excludes all warranties, representations, conditions and guarantees, whether express, implied or statutory, including, without limitation, those of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to the Site or any Materials or goods that are available or sold through the Site. The Publisher does not exclude any statutory or implied warranty, condition or guarantee that it is prohibited by law to exclude under applicable law of any jurisdiction. The Publisher does not make any representations, nor does the Publisher endorse the accuracy, completeness, timeliness or reliability of any advice, opinion, statement or other material or database supplied, uploaded or distributed on the Site or available through links on the Site. The Publisher reserves the right to correct any errors or omissions on the Site. Although the Publisher intends to take reasonable steps to prevent the introduction of viruses, worms, ‘trojan horses' or other destructive material to the Site, the Publisher does not guarantee or warrant that the Site or Material that may be downloaded from the Site do not contain such destructive features. To the extent permitted by law, the Publisher is not liable for any loss, damage or harm attributable to such features. If you rely on the Site and any Material available through the Site you do so solely at your own risk. The Publisher does not warrant the accuracy of the Material on the Site, and the Material is provided to you “as is” and on an “as available” basis and on the condition that you undertake all responsibility for assessing the accuracy of the Material and rely on it at your own risk. You recognize that the Site may contain various combinations of text, images, audiovisual productions, opinions, statements, facts, articles, market data, stock quotes or other information created by the Publisher or by third parties. Such Material, including market data, is for your reference only and should not be relied upon by you for tax or investment advice and it does not advocate the purchase or sale of any security or investment.

  2. The Publisher does not necessarily hold the opinions expressed by Material contributors. Opinions and other statements expressed by Users and third parties (e.g., bloggers) are theirs alone, not opinions of the Publisher. Material created by third parties is the sole responsibility of the third parties and its accuracy and completeness are not endorsed or guaranteed. You acknowledge that by providing you with the ability to view and distribute Material through the Site, the Publisher is not undertaking any obligation or liability relating to the Material. The Publisher and its affiliates, successors, assigns, employees, agents, directors, officers and shareholders do not undertake or assume any duty to monitor the Site for inappropriate or unlawful content. To the extent permitted by law, the Publisher and its affiliates, successors, assigns, employees, agents, directors, officers and shareholders assume no responsibility or liability which may arise from the Material thereof, including, but not limited to, claims for defamation, libel, slander, infringement, invasion of privacy and publicity rights, obscenity, pornography, profanity, fraud, or misrepresentation. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Publisher reserves the right to block or remove communications, postings or Materials at any time in its sole discretion.

  3. To the extent permitted by law, the Publisher will have no responsibility or liability in relation to any loss or damage that you incur, including damage to your software or hardware, arising from your use of or access to this Site.

  4. The Publisher does not warrant that functions contained in the Site content, such as hyperlinks, will be uninterrupted or error free, that defects will be corrected or that the Publisher or the server that makes it available, are free of viruses or bugs.

  5. The Publisher may be legally compelled to disclose certain Information. You agree that in the event the Publisher receives a subpoena issued by a court or from a law enforcement or government agency, the Publisher shall comply with such subpoenas without your consent or prior notice to you and may disclose your IP address, username, name, IP location or other information in response thereto.

  6. Subject to clause 30, to the extent permitted by law, the Publisher and its affiliates, and their respective members, directors, officers, managers, employees, shareholders, agents and licensors are not liable for incidental, indirect, consequential, special, punitive, or exemplary loss or damages of any kind, including, without limitation, lost revenues or profits, loss of business, opportunity or goodwill, or loss of data, arising in any way in connection with this Site or Material on the Site, the use of (or inability to use) the Site or Material, or the Conditions, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), in equity, under statue or otherwise, including but not limited to any claim, loss or injury based on errors, omissions, interruptions or other inaccuracies in the Site, or as a result of breach of any warranty or other term or condition of the Conditions. To the extent permitted by law and subject to clause 30, the Publisher's liability shall be limited to the amount you paid, if any, for use of the Site.

  7. You will be responsible for any harm the Publisher suffers as a result of your violation of these Terms and Conditions or any breach by you of your representations and warranties. You agree to indemnify and hold harmless the Publisher and its affiliates, and their respective members, directors, officers, managers, employees, shareholders, agents, and licensors, from and against all losses, expenses, damages and costs, including reasonable attorneys' fees, resulting from any violation by you of the Conditions or any breach by you of your representations and warranties thereunder. The Publisher reserves the right to take over the exclusive defense of any claim for which the Publisher is entitled to indemnification under this Section 29. In such event, you shall provide the Publisher with such cooperation as is reasonably requested by the Publisher.

  8. To the extent that the Publisher's liability for breach of any implied or statutory warranty, condition or guarantee, cannot be excluded by law, to the extent permitted by law the Publisher's liability will be limited, at the Publisher's option, to:

    1. in the case of services supplied or offered by the Publisher:

      1. the supply of the services again; or

      2. the payment of the cost of having the services supplied again; and

    2. in the case of goods supplied or offered by the Publisher:

      1. the replacement of the goods or the supply of equivalent goods;

      2. the repair of the goods;

      3. the payment of the cost of having the goods replaced; or

      4. the payment of the cost of having the goods repaired.

  9. If a jurisdiction does not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability in accordance with clause 30 but allows a limitation of a certain maximum extent then liability is limited to that extent.

No reliance, other Users

  1. Except where expressly stated otherwise, Material on the Site is provided as general information only. It is not intended as advice and must not be relied upon as such. You should make your own inquiries and take independent advice tailored to your specific circumstances prior to making any decisions. To the extent permitted by law, the Publisher will not be liable for loss resulting from any action or decision by you in reliance on the Material on the Site.

  2. You acknowledge that the Publisher is not responsible for, and accepts no liability in relation to, any other User's use of, access to or conduct in connection with the Site in any circumstance.


  1. In the event of termination of your access to the Site you must immediately cease accessing and using the Site and Materials on the Site and (at Publisher's option) return any (hard or electronic) copies of such Materials to the Publisher or destroy any copies within your control or possession. All licences granted by you and all disclaimers, indemnities and exclusion and limitations of liability set out in the Conditions will survive termination.


  1. If any provision of the Conditions is deemed invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, the invalidity of such provision shall not affect the validity of the remaining provisions of the Conditions, which shall remain in full force and effect.

No waiver

  1. No waiver of any term of the Conditions shall be deemed a further or continuing waiver of such term or any other term. Any failure to assert any right under the Conditions shall not constitute a waiver of such right.

Affirmation regarding age

  1. By using the Site, you affirm that you are 18 years or over or otherwise possess legal parental or guardian consent.

Applicable Law

  1. These Conditions shall be construed in accordance with and governed by the laws of the Isle of Man. You consent to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts in the Isle of Man to determine any matter or dispute which arises under the Conditions.


  1. In these terms and conditions:

    1. "Material" means text, illustrations, photos, audio, video, or any combination of these or other content, information, data or material.

Publishing Services International Limited Privacy Policy

1. Privacy

The Publisher recognizes the importance of protecting the privacy of its customers. For the purposes of this Privacy Policy, "customers" includes visitors to the Site, subscribers to and users of the Publisher's services, purchasers of its products and advertising customers. This privacy policy is intended to inform you about the personal information that is collected from you when you visit the Site, and in the other circumstances described under the heading "Collection of personal information" below, how this information may be used and disclosed, how you can control the use and disclosure of your information, how your information is protected, and how you can access that information. The Publisher may, from time to time, review and update this Privacy Policy, including taking account of new or amended laws, new technology and/or changes to its operations. This Privacy Policy applies only in respect of the Site. This Privacy Policy does not apply to information collected through any other website (other than by or on behalf of the Publisher in the circumstances described under the heading "Collection of personal information" below) or to the practices of companies that the Publisher does not control. Please note that the Site may contain links to other websites. For example, if you click on an advertisement on the Site and link to another website, then this Privacy Policy will not apply to any information collected on that website. The Publisher is not responsible for the privacy practices of other websites, and the Publisher recommends that you read the privacy policies of each website that you visit. All personal information held by the Publisher will be governed by the most recently updated Privacy Policy.

2. Collection of personal information

The Publisher collects personal information when the Publisher provides its services to you. When you visit and interact with the Site, certain information may be collected automatically, including:

  • your computer's Internet Protocol (IP) address;
  • your browser type and operating system;
  • the web pages you were visiting immediately before and after you came to the Site;
  • activities within community discussions;
  • web pages and advertisements that you view, and links that you click on, within the Site;
  • your bandwidth speed and information about the software programs that are installed on your computer;
  • aggregated data about email click‑through rates and user video viewing;
  • standard server log information; and
  • information collected through HTML cookies, Flash cookies, web beacons, and similar technologies.

The Publisher usually collects personal information directly from you, although sometimes the Publisher may use agents or service providers to do this for the Publisher. The Publisher may also acquire lists from other sources, both from other companies and from other public documents. This may include advertisers, mailing lists, recruitment agencies, contractors and business partners. The Publisher may also access information about you from third‑party sources and platforms (such as social networking sites, databases, online marketing firms, and ad targeting firms), including:

  • if you access third‑party social networking services (such as Facebook Connect or Twitter) through the Site, your username and connection lists for those services;
  • demographic data, such as age range, gender, and interests;
  • advertisement interaction and viewing data, such as ad click‑through rates and information about how many times you viewed a particular ad; and
  • unique identifiers, including mobile device identification numbers, that can identify the physical location of such devices in accordance with applicable law.

Please note that the Site may combine the information that we collect with information that the Publisher may obtain from third‑party sources. The Publisher may collect your personal information when you request or acquire a product or service from the Publisher, register with the Publisher as a member (including user name and password and contact information such as name, email address, postal address, phone number, and mobile number), provide a product or service to the Publisher, complete a survey or questionnaire, enter a competition or event, contribute in a fundraising event, participate in one of the Publisher's services (including blogs, forums, community discussions and other interactive features), search queries conducted on the Site, or when you communicate with the Publisher by e‑mail, telephone, or in writing.

The Publisher usually collects personal information such as your name, address, telephone number, and in some instances, your financial details, including your credit card information, in addition to the other specific types of information described above. The Publisher also collects information about you that is not personal information. For example, the Publisher may collect data relating to your activity on its websites (including IP addresses) via tracking technologies such as cookies, or the Publisher may collect information from you in response to a survey.

As a general rule the Publisher does not collect sensitive information, however it reserves the right to do so. If the Publisher does, it will usually be for the purposes of providing its goods or services and if the law requires the Publisher to, the Publisher will seek your consent to collect it.

If you do not provide the Publisher with information described above, the Publisher may not be able to its services to you.

If, at any time, you provide personal information about someone other than yourself, you warrant that you have that person's consent to provide such information for the purpose specified.

If you are located outside of the Isle of Man, please note that personal information provided by you or otherwise collected as described above will be transferred to the Isle of Man.

3. Use of personal information

The Publisher uses personal information to provide its services (which may include the display of personalised content and advertising) to you, to fulfil administrative functions associated with these services, for example billing, to enter into contracts with you or third parties and for marketing and client relationship purposes. The Publisher also generally uses personal information to report statistics, analyse trends, diagnose problems and target and improve the quality of its products and services. By accessing the Site, you agree that the Publisher may use your personal information for the purposes and by the means described in this Privacy Policy, and you agree that the Publisher may use your mobile number to send you promotions, notifications, or other services. In order to provide readers with free access to content, the Publisher displays advertisements on the Site, many of which are targeted based on information about you. For example, using information collected through cookies, web beacons, and other sources, the Publisher may use demographic data or information about your online activities or interests to display targeted advertising that may be relevant to your preferences. Through this process, advertisers reach Site visitors who are most interested in their products, and you see advertising for products or services in which you may be interested. Third‑party advertisers and advertising platforms also may serve targeted ads on the Site. Please remember that the information practices of third‑party advertisers or platforms collecting data on our Site are not covered by this privacy policy. The Publisher may also use the information that it collects to prevent illegal activities, to enforce the Site's Terms and Conditions, and to otherwise protect its rights and the rights of its users. In addition to the uses identified above, the Publisher may use the information that it collects for any other purposes disclosed to you at the time it collects your information or pursuant to your consent. Where your personal information is contained within an advertisement which the Publisher publishes for you, the Publisher may also use your information for publication of that same advertisement in other media, in accordance with the terms and conditions of the initial publication. The Publisher may also use your personal information to assist the Publisher in improving its products and services and to let you know about goods, services, or promotions which may interest you.

4. Disclosure to and use by Third Parties

The Publisher values your privacy, and shares information about its users only under certain circumstances. The Publisher may share your information with other companies which are related to the Publisher. The Publisher may disclose your information to its service providers and contractors from time to time to help the Publisher to provide and market its goods and services to you. The Publisher may also share your information with third parties who provide prizes for competitions or reader offers. If the Publisher does this, the Publisher generally requires these parties to protect your information in the same way as the Publisher does.

The Publisher will make information about you available to other companies, applications, or people in the circumstances listed below:

  • The Publisher may share aggregated information or information that does not directly identify you with third parties to help the Publisher develop content, services, and advertising that the Publisher hopes you will find of interest. Please note that the Publisher does not share contact information with third parties that advertise on the Site.
  • The Publisher may employ third parties to perform Site‑related services, including database management, maintenance services, analytics, marketing, data processing, and email and text message distribution. These third parties have access to your information only to perform these tasks on the Publisher's behalf.
  • If you choose to engage in public activities on the site, such as posting comments on community message boards, any information you submit can be read, collected, or used by others. Please exercise caution when deciding to disclose any personal information in public activities or submissions.
  • The Publisher may share information about you in the event that the Site is acquired by or merged with another company or a similar corporate transaction takes place. However, the Site will notify you by placing a prominent notice on the Site or sending a notice to the primary email address specified in your account before your information is transferred and becomes subject to a different privacy policy.
  • The Publisher may share information about you to investigate, prevent, or take action regarding illegal activities, suspected fraud, situations involving potential threats to the physical safety or other rights and interests of any person, violations of the Site's Terms and Conditions, or as otherwise required by law.
  • The Publisher may share information about you to respond to subpoenas, search warrants, judicial proceedings, court orders, legal process, or other law enforcement measures, to establish or exercise our legal rights, or to defend against legal claims.
  • In addition to the scenarios identified above, the Publisher may share information about you for any other purposes disclosed to you at the time the Publisher collects your information or pursuant to your consent.

Please note that third parties may independently collect data about you, including your IP address and information about the websites you visit and the links you click, through cookies, clicks on links, or other means when you visit or view ads on the Site.

To customize your experience on the Site and to simplify the Site's registration process, the Publisher provides you with the opportunity to access or interact with third‑party services, such as Facebook and Twitter. When you connect to the Site through these third‑party services, the Publisher may share information about you with these third‑party service providers and they may share data about you with the Publisher. When you allow the Publisher to access your data through a third‑party service to create a Site profile, the Publisher may use this data for several purposes, including:

  • For example, if you connect to the Site via a service with a public friend list, like Twitter, the Publisher may check to see if any people you follow on Twitter are also Site members. If the Publisher finds a match, the Publisher will replicate your Twitter relationship with those members, setting them to be fans, followers, or friends on the Publisher Site.
  • For example, if you connect via a service that has a private contact list (like Google and Yahoo!), the Publisher checks for people in your contacts who are Site members and suggest that you become a fan of these users.
  • When users share content with their friends, the Publisher may use friend lists from third‑party services to create a list of contacts to whom you may choose to send the email message.
  • For example, the Publisher may use friend lists from a third‑party service to create a list of contacts to whom you may choose to send an invitation to view an interactive slideshow.
  • When you are connected via a third‑party service, the Publisher may access certain account information, such as your profile picture, what stories are popular in your network, and what your friends are saying about certain articles or blog posts, in order to enhance and personalize your experience on the Site.

In addition, if you connect to a Facebook account, your experience on the Site may be personalized. For example, you may automatically see what stories are popular in your network, and what your friends are saying about particular stories. Please note that you may disconnect third party accounts at any time.

Please remember that the Publisher does not control the privacy practices of these third‑party services. The Publisher encourages you to read the privacy policies of all third‑party service providers. You can deactivate your account at any time by visiting the preferences page for your profile. When you deactivate your account, your user profile will be disabled, but your public comments will remain on the site. The Site has no responsibility to take down, remove, or edit any of your public activities or any submissions that are a result of your public activities. If you opt out of these technologies, you will continue to see advertising displayed on the Site, but the advertising may not be targeted to your interests. Please remember that the Publisher does not have access to, or control over, advertisers' or service providers' cookies, and the information practices of third parties are not covered by this privacy policy.

5. Use of Aggregate Data

The Publisher may collect and use certain non‑personal information (e.g., the identity of your Internet browser, the type of operating system you use, your IP address and the domain name of your Internet service provider) to optimise its goods and services (which may include the display of personalised content and advertising) including the Publisher's web pages for your computer. The Publisher may use personally identifiable information in aggregate form to improve its goods and services including its web sites and make them more responsive to the needs of its customers. This statistical compilation and analysis of information may also be used by the Publisher or provided to others as a summary report for marketing, advertising or research purposes.

6. Security

The Publisher strives to ensure the security, integrity and privacy of personal information of its customers. The Publisher may hold your information in either electronic or hard copy form. The Publisher uses a variety of physical and electronic security measures including restricting physical access to its offices and firewalls and secure databases to keep personal information secure from misuse, loss or unauthorized use or disclosure. Unfortunately, no data transmission over the Internet can be guaranteed to be totally secure. The Publisher limits access to contact information about you to employees or service providers who the Publisher believes reasonably need to come into contact with that information to provide products or services to you or in order to do their jobs, and subject to section 4 of this Privacy Policy. The Publisher also has adopted commercially reasonable technical, physical, and administrative procedures to help protect information about you from loss, misuse, and alteration. Personal information is destroyed or de‑identified when no longer needed. Please note that no data transmission or storage can be guaranteed to be 100% secure. The Publisher wants you to feel confident using the Site, but the Publisher cannot ensure or warrant the security of any information you transmit to the Publisher.

7. Access to Personal Information

You have a right to request access to personal information the Publisher holds about you. Where the Publisher holds personal information that you are entitled to access, the Publisher will endeavour to provide you with suitable means of accessing it (e.g. by emailing or mailing it to you). If the Publisher denies access in some circumstances, the Publisher will tell you why. To request access, please contact the Publisher's privacy officer as set out at the end of this document. If you believe that personal information the Publisher holds about you is incorrect, incomplete or inaccurate, then you may request amendment of it. The Publisher will consider if the information requires amendment. If the Publisher does not agree that there are grounds for amendment then the Publisher will add a note to the personal information stating that you disagree with it.

8. Public Information

Any information posted on bulletin boards and/or communicated in chat areas becomes public information. While the Publisher strives to protect and respect your privacy, the Publisher cannot guarantee the security of any information you disclose in a chat room or bulletin board.

9. Cookies

Cookies are data that a Web site transfers to an individual's hard drive for record‑keeping purposes. Cookies can facilitate a user's ongoing access to and use of a site. They allow the Publisher to track usage patterns and to compile data that can help the Publisher improve its content and target advertising. If you do not want information collected through the use of Cookies, there is a simple procedure in most browsers that allows you to deny or accept the Cookie feature. But you should note that Cookies may be necessary to provide you with features such as merchandise transactions or registered services.

10. Online Links to Third Party and Co‑Branded Sites

The Publisher may establish relationships with business partners that allow visitors to the Publisher's web sites to link directly to sites operated by these partners. Some of these sites may be "co‑branded" with the Publisher's logo - however, these sites may not be operated or maintained by or on behalf of the Publisher. These sites may collect personal information from you that may be shared with the Publisher. This Privacy Statement will apply to any personal information the Publisher obtains in this manner. The Publisher is not responsible for the content or practices of web sites operated by third parties that are linked to the Publisher's sites. These links are meant for the user's convenience only. Links to third party sites do not constitute sponsorship, endorsement or approval by the Publisher of the content, policies or practices of those third party sites. Once you have left the Publisher's site via such a link, you should check the applicable privacy policy of the third party site.

11. What else you should know about privacy on the Internet

Remember to close your browser when you have finished your user session. This is to ensure that others cannot access your personal information and correspondence if you share a computer with someone else or are using a computer in a public place like a library or Internet cafe. You as an individual are responsible for the security of and access to your own computer. Whenever you voluntarily disclose personal information over the Internet this information can be collected and used by others. In short, if you post personal information in publicly accessible online forums, you may receive unsolicited messages from other parties in return. Ultimately, you are solely responsible for maintaining the secrecy of your username and passwords and any account information. Please be careful and responsible whenever you are using the Internet. The Publisher does not knowingly collect personal information from children under 13. If the Publisher learns that it has collected any personal information from a child under the age of 13 without verifiable parental consent, the Publisher will delete that information from its database as quickly as possible. If you believe that the Publisher may have collected information from a child under 13, please contact the Publisher at privacy@publishingservicesinternational.im.

12. For further information

Please contact our Privacy Officer to ask for access to your information or if you have a complaint concerning your information privacy or if you would like more information about our approach to privacy at privacy@publishingservicesinternational.im.

13. Changes to the privacy policy

The Publisher reserves the right to update this Privacy Policy at any time to reflect changes in the Publisher's practices and service offerings. The Publisher will use it best endeavours to update the Privacy Policy on the Site, however it does not warrant that it will post these updates immediately.